Read a brief history of Kerala police here. It is one of the best police departments in India.
The Police system has been established to keep the law and order in states. The word Police was derived from Latin word 'Politia', Greek word 'Polis' and French word 'Police'. These words mean citizenship, capital and city respectively. Robert Peel from England is known as the father of modern police.
The history of Police in Kerala dates back to several centuries. There were a number of precursors to the police system in the medieval era. In the Sangha period, there were a group of people assigned to help the local landlords.
They were called 'Kolkkaran' (men with sticks). It is believed to be the first form of Police in Kerala. During the reign of Cheraman Perumal, there were officials named Kavalan' to keep the law and order.
The history of Kochi Police begins in 1812 when officials named Dhanadaran were appointed in each Taluk. The King Ramavaram, who occupied the throne from 1864 to 1868, appointed George Gunther to study and submit a report on restructuring the Police system. In 1883, the Kochi Police was formed and Gunther was appointed as the first Superindentent of Kochi. In 1920, the headquarters of Kochi Police was shifted to Thrissur. HWN Brown was the first Commisioner of Kochi. In 1941, Cochin Police Manual was formed.
The first police system in Travencore was formed by king Marthanda Varma. He had a protection group named Nair Brigade. Travencore was the first soverign state in India to appoint women in Police department. OM Bensley is known as the father of Travencore Police. He was the first Supernident of the state. In 1930, the name of head of the police was changed to Inspector General. Khan Samad Abdul Karim was the first Inspector General.
The first forms of Police in Malabar were Kolkkar, Duffedar and Jamedar. The continuous mutinies and the killings of British officers led to the formation of Malabar Special Police. The first model of Malabar Special Police was formed in 1884. But the actual department came into existence on 30 September 1921. Superindent Hitchkock was the head of the force. Following the formation of Kerala state in 1956, the Malabar Police was divided into two, and one part was attached to Madras state.
Police of unified Kerala
The Kerala Police was formed in 1956. The Kerala Police Act was passed in 1960. The head of the department is Director General of Police (DGP). The department is now overseen by the Home ministry.
In every society, at any given point of time, there is a tendency for people to form groups and develop their group identities. Ancient India was no different.
India and China fought battle for the only time in 1962. Read a brief history of the war here..
The strength of Indian civilization and its unique social hierarchy where the ascetic intellectual, the Brahmin, was placed above the all powerful King, helped in putting restraint on its rulers. However, while this strengthened the ability of the society to reign the King, it also had a weakening effect on the State, which became crucial when India was faced with foreign invaders.