Ancient Indian Scientists who Contributed to the World

Scientists of ancient India

Ancient Indian Scientists who Contributed to the World
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India has made significant contributions to science from ancient times. Read about some ancient scientists from India.

India has a rich and long history of Science. There were many pioneers in Mathematics, Astronomy and Medicine in ancient India and they made some valuable contributions to the world of science. Here you can read about the prime scientists of ancient India.

Patanjali

Patanjali is the founder of Yoga, the iconic way to meditation and piece. He is believed to have lived before 100 BC. Patanjali is the author of the book Yogasutra.

Aryabhata

Great pioneer of mathematics and Astronomy. He authored Aryabhatiyam.

The value of Pi was first calculated by Aryabhata. He is also believed to be the first Indian to have used the decimal numbers. He divided the time as Kalpam, Manu and Yugam. Aryabhata is considered as the father of Indian astronomy. The first Indian satellite Aryabhatta in 1975 was named after him.

Kanada

He is considered as the father of Atomic Theory (Kanada Sidhantha). He is believed to have lived in 6th century BC. He was a proponent of Vaisheshika Darsana, one of the six darsanas in Indian philosophy.

Susrutha

He is known as the father of Indian surgery and plastic surgery. He wrote the book Susrutha samhitha. He was the disciple of Dhanwanthari. There is also a myth that he was the son of ascetic Viswamithra of Hindu mythology.

Varahamihira

He was one of the nine gems of Vikramaditya's durbar. He wrote the astronomical book Brihatsamhitha and Horashastra. These books deal with mathematics also.

Charaka

Charaka was one of the pioneers os Ayurveda, India's traditional medicine. He penned Charakasamhita, in which the details of about 147 diseases have been explained.

Dhanwanthari

One of the great pioneers of Ayurveda. He wrote Dhanwanthari Dictionary and Chikithsa Darsana. He was the one who divided Ayurveda into eight 'anga's.

Brahmagupta

He was one of the greatest mathematicians ever lived in India. He lived in 6th century AD. He authored the book Brahmasphuta Siddhantha. He was on of the earliest to introduce mathematics involving zero.

Vagbhata

Vagbhata was the pioneer of Ayurveda who lived in 12th century. He wrote famous books such as Ashtanga Hridaya and Ashtanga Sangraha about medicine.

Bhaskara

He was one of the greatest mathematicians in ancient India. 12th century was his living time. He wrote the famous book Sidhantha Siromani. One of the parts of the book named 'Leelavathi' is world famous. Leelavathi explains about Geometry and Arithmetics. A series of satellites of India was named after him.


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I congratulate the author for this excellent article. He has covered almost all great scientists of ancient India. However, I find that the author has missed the famous chemist of the eleventh century, Nagarjuna. Al-biruni, the famous traveler, wrote about Nagarjuna.Most probably, this great scientist was from present-day Gujarat. Besides Nagarjuna, I find that the name of Sridhar Acharya, a great mathematician, is also missing. All students of Mathematics are aware of Sridhar Acharya's formula of solving quadratic equations.

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