Do you know the Filipino revolutionary hero who was dubbed as “Vibora” (Viper) during the Spanish and American wars in the Philippines because of his heroic bravery in fighting for the freedom of our country?
His name was General Artemio Ricante who was nicknamed “Vibora”. Ricante was known as the “Ama ng Philippine Army” (Father of the Philippine Army) by the “Hukbong Sandatahan ng Pilipinas” (Armed Forces of the Philippines).
Born on October 20, 1866 in Batac, Ilocos Norte, Ricante was appointed in the Tejeros Convention on March 1897 as a General of the Filipino Revolutionary Army; which is today's modern society is called as the Philippine Army.
Ricarte is one of Andres Bonifacio’s most trusted revolutionary general who fought against the Spanish rule. But when Bonifacio died and General Emilio Aguinaldo return to the Philippines from exile in Hong Kong, Ricante joined forces with him and continue the battle against the Spanish, American occupation as well as the Japanese occupation in the country.
Not unlike the other revolutionary leaders who revoke their and sworn their alliance to the US government, Ricante stand to his nationalism even if he was imprisoned from 1904 to 1910 and then was exiled in Hong Kong. Ricante stick to his nationalistic ideals all the way up to his death during the Japanese era in the Philippines.
From Hong Kong, Ricante goes to Japan to which he stayed and make his residency. When the Commonwealth Republic was founded in 1935 to which Manuel L. Quezon was elected as president of the country, Ricante was apparently offered for a position in the government.
But Ricante turned down the offer because he believes that taking the offer and work for the government means to put his alliance to the US.
And when the 2nd World War erupted in the Philippines, Ricante return to the Philippines to again fight for the country’s freedom, this time, against Japan. But because of his old age, it became difficult for Ricante to fight and live the life of a freedom fighter. Ricante made his base camp in the mountains of Kalinga, Mountain province. In this mountain that Ricante died because of sickness that struck him in July of 1945.
It was said that despite the offer of Japan to extract Ricante out of the Philippines so that he will not be caught by the Japanese soldiers in the Philippines, Ricante never took the offer but rather choose to stay in his motherland until the remaining breath of his life.
In 1978, Ricante’s remains was transferred to the “Libingan ng mga Bayani” (Heroes Burial Ground) in Fort Bonifacio. A monument was erected in his hometown in Batac as well as in Yokohama, Japan.
Author’s note: Another compiling story and history of my motherland and its citizens.
Philippines is very strategically located archipelago country. As such it comes with its own set of geographical advantages and disadvantages.
The Philippines was invited by Foreign Minister Arita of Japan to take part of their program called Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. And because our country’s citizen doesn’t want to be under a foreign occupation, the government officials did not believe it and thus did not join the invitation of the Japanese Government..
Today, when we heard the word Libingan ng mga Bayani we knew that it is the cemetery where all of our soldiers who fight for our freedom during the World War II rest in peace. But before it was called such name, its former name was called Republic Memorial Cemetery.