Read a brief history of Kerala police here. It is one of the best police departments in India.
The Police system has been established to keep the law and order in states. The word Police was derived from Latin word 'Politia', Greek word 'Polis' and French word 'Police'. These words mean citizenship, capital and city respectively. Robert Peel from England is known as the father of modern police.
The history of Police in Kerala dates back to several centuries. There were a number of precursors to the police system in the medieval era. In the Sangha period, there were a group of people assigned to help the local landlords.
They were called 'Kolkkaran' (men with sticks). It is believed to be the first form of Police in Kerala. During the reign of Cheraman Perumal, there were officials named Kavalan' to keep the law and order.
The history of Kochi Police begins in 1812 when officials named Dhanadaran were appointed in each Taluk. The King Ramavaram, who occupied the throne from 1864 to 1868, appointed George Gunther to study and submit a report on restructuring the Police system. In 1883, the Kochi Police was formed and Gunther was appointed as the first Superindentent of Kochi. In 1920, the headquarters of Kochi Police was shifted to Thrissur. HWN Brown was the first Commisioner of Kochi. In 1941, Cochin Police Manual was formed.Travencore Police
The first police system in Travencore was formed by king Marthanda Varma. He had a protection group named Nair Brigade. Travencore was the first soverign state in India to appoint women in Police department. OM Bensley is known as the father of Travencore Police. He was the first Supernident of the state. In 1930, the name of head of the police was changed to Inspector General. Khan Samad Abdul Karim was the first Inspector General.Malabar Police
The first forms of Police in Malabar were Kolkkar, Duffedar and Jamedar. The continuous mutinies and the killings of British officers led to the formation of Malabar Special Police. The first model of Malabar Special Police was formed in 1884. But the actual department came into existence on 30 September 1921. Superindent Hitchkock was the head of the force. Following the formation of Kerala state in 1956, the Malabar Police was divided into two, and one part was attached to Madras state.Police of unified Kerala
The Kerala Police was formed in 1956. The Kerala Police Act was passed in 1960. The head of the department is Director General of Police (DGP). The department is now overseen by the Home ministry.
Japanese culture has been greatly influenced by the Chinese culture, and yet they are almost as different from each other as any two neighboring countries can ever be. Part of these differences may lie in the self-imposed isolation of Japan till Meiji revolutions, but there are other important reasons too, that make the two societies and cultures vastly different.
Philippines is very strategically located archipelago country. As such it comes with its own set of geographical advantages and disadvantages.
History of our ancestors and the society they lived in was usually remembered by people and kept alive by word of mouth. In most ancient societies including those of Africa, legacies, culture and traditions were passed from one generation to other by this ‘Oral Tradition’.