The german army was defeated at Stalingrad. Read the article in detail to know about the various causes behind their defeat.
In late winter of 1943 the German army under General Von Paulos was bottled in Stalingrad and was surrounded by the Russian army. At that time the top German general Staff officers led by Field Marshal Von Manstein suggested that the army of Von Paulos be allowed to break out and join forces with his army group. Hitler was against this and gave a decision that the German army would fight to the last man at Stalingrad.
He was supported in this by Riech Marshal Goering the chief of the German Air Force ( Luftwaffe) who announced grandly that the German army bottled up in the Stalingrad salient would be supplied by air. For this he banked on an air bridge being created by the only 4 engine plane of the German air force the Focke Wulf 200.
The Focke Wulf 200 also known as the Condor was designed by Dr. Kurt Tank for the German air line Luftansa. It was put to military use by Goering.
The plane however had limitations in operation in extreme cold climate and when put to use for the Stalingrad air lift was a colossal failure.
The air bridge promised by Goering never took off and only a handfull of Condors could land with supplies in the extreme cold and sub zero temperatures. In addition they suffered a tremendous attrition rate at the hands of the Russian air force. Thus the Luftwaffe failed to keep the German army supplied in the Stalingrad salient and was one of the primary causes for the surrender of the German force in Stalingrad.
Goering must take the full blame for this sorry performance of the German Air Force. The FW 200 has gone down in history as a plane which did little to impact the war
Japanese culture has been greatly influenced by the Chinese culture, and yet they are almost as different from each other as any two neighboring countries can ever be. Part of these differences may lie in the self-imposed isolation of Japan till Meiji revolutions, but there are other important reasons too, that make the two societies and cultures vastly different.
Philippines is very strategically located archipelago country. As such it comes with its own set of geographical advantages and disadvantages.
History of our ancestors and the society they lived in was usually remembered by people and kept alive by word of mouth. In most ancient societies including those of Africa, legacies, culture and traditions were passed from one generation to other by this ‘Oral Tradition’.